Choosing a university in the USA to study is not just a simple task for many students as they are faced with too many options which makes the whole thing rigorous and confusing to many of them.
You must be prepared to pay higher if you must attend a private university in the USA because private universities in the United State are not budgeted for by the government, which is the case with many private institutions around the world the except for some socialist and communist countries.
Things are different abroad. Today we will talk about public and private universities in the United States – the country most attractive for students from all over the world.
The American system of higher education is not subject to a single government and is not a government. Educational institutions located on the territory of any state are monitored and licensed by local authorities, but in no case accredit or guarantee the quality of education in them. Accreditation and quality assessment are carried out by non-governmental organizations.
Private and public universities in the US which one is more prestigious?
It is impossible to say for sure which educational institutions in the United States are more prestigious – private or public. The list of the most popular universities includes both. While it’s fair to say that the so-called Ivy League, the list of America’s oldest universities that provide the most fundamental education, includes mostly private universities. But in general, it is the name that is valued, not the form of ownership.
Is good to attend a public university in the USA?
Large public educational institutions tend to have a long history and rich traditions. They work closely with the authorities of the state in whose territory they are located and are financed by them. These universities are the centers of public and scientific life of the state and attract many foreigners, since studying in them is cheaper than in private universities, but at the same time, they are quite prestigious.
Most often, a state university is a solid institution in which tens of thousands of students study at various academic levels: from undergraduate to doctoral studies. Universities differ from other higher education institutions in that they conduct research and development, for which huge funds are allocated. The most famous institutions, which receive millions of dollars each year, have the opportunity to hire the best scientists from around the world. Usually, 10-30% of the budget of such a university is subsidies from state sources (the budget of the home state). The rest consists of tuition fees, grants, contracts, and charitable contributions.
How is public and private universities in the US governed?
There are state universities both in small cities and in megalopolises. Basically, they have a wide network of branches (campuses) throughout the state. And some developed states maintain several public universities.
Such institutions, governed by boards of trustees, vary from state to state. As already mentioned, US higher education institutions are not subordinate to the federal Department of Education – they are controlled by regional authorities. Thanks to the support of the state, the cost of education in these universities is lower than in private ones. However, the price is still quite high, and besides, it grows from year to year, so the average American has to take a bank loan even to study at a public university.
As a rule, there are more foreign students and postgraduates in state universities, which is due to the lower cost of training and a wide range of specialization programs.
Should I Choose A Private University In The USA?
Another category of American universities is large private universities. And although there are much fewer of them in the country than state ones, they are at the top lines in the ratings of the best educational institutions in the United States (and the world). As a rule, most of their professors not only teach, but also do research and development. Private universities are famous for their brilliant staff, a wide system of issuing financial aid to students, and the quality of teaching. However, state universities also offer different academic levels and conduct scientific research. So what makes a private university different from a state one?
Who funds a private university in the USA?
First, the form of budgeting. Private institutions do not depend on government funding. Their funds are supplemented by private donations and contributions, as well as tuition fees. In private universities, especially in the most prestigious ones, it is much higher than in other US universities.
And secondly, the size and number of students and teachers. Private establishments are somewhat smaller than state ones.
Want to Study in a private college or university in the USA?
Private four-year colleges are somewhat different from their public counterparts. Today, there are about 600 private colleges and small universities in the United States, many of which are the glory of America’s higher education. Despite the diversity, all these universities have common features. For example, the number of students in them does not exceed three thousand people. The number of specializations, as a rule, is limited, and of the academic degrees, only a bachelor’s degree is most often offered. Almost all teachers are engaged exclusively in educational work, and only a few also conduct scientific research. The teaching process relies on close interaction between students and professors.
Is it easier to complete a program successfully in private or public universities in the US?
According to statistics, in private colleges, more students manage to successfully complete the course and receive a degree than in large public universities. Experts say that the serious level of attendance and academic performance is directly related to the teaching methodology, which in small universities implies a closer connection between teachers and students.
Two-year public colleges open the door to higher education for a wide range of people, as the cost of education here is lower than in other universities. Such institutions provide the opportunity to obtain credits in the subjects that make up the initial courses of the four-year undergraduate programs. In addition, here you can take professional courses (after which there is no provision for an academic degree) and start working. Community colleges are now a rapidly growing US higher education sector. Today, there are about 1200 accredited public colleges in the country, teaching over 11 million children (approximately 46% of all American bachelors).
Tuition costs an average of $ 5,000 a year (versus $ 15-30,000 at a university or four-year college). As a rule, there are no more than 30 people in a group, which makes it possible to intensively involve students in the educational process.
Like other universities in the United States, community colleges vary in size and are scattered throughout the country. Large institutions with huge campuses are located in metropolitan areas. Small colleges are being built in rural areas, whose doors are open to the local community.
Such institutions attract foreign students not only for an affordable price but also for the opportunity to adapt to local life, improve their English and then continue their studies at another university.
There is a perception that community colleges are not very prestigious. However, Hollywood star and California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, Star Wars director George Lucas, actors Tom Hanks and Clint Eastwood, designer Calvin Klein and many other celebrities began with such an educational institution.
Thus, private and public universities in the United States differ only in the form of funding. For a student, the name of the university, its prestige, location and cost of education are much more important.
In this article, you have seen how public and private college and universities operate such as their tuition, funding, how they are governed